An increase in caregiving responsibilities and a slow recovery of sectors that predominantly employ women partly explain these impacts. The “witch” in Lozano’s novel defies presumptions about what women are supposed to be, she said, using language to heal the sick in ways modern medicine cannot. “Literature is extremely political, but it is a politics that works best when it comes in spaces where no other politics can go, a more delicate space that doesn’t require the precision of saying, ‘OK, we’re going to talk about glyphosate because someone has to,’” said Schweblin. “It’s something we see across the region, a new sensibility,” said Carmen Alemany Bay, a literature professor at the University of Alicante in Spain who coined the term “narrativa de lo inusual” to describe the current wave of writing from the region.

The existence of Latin American feminist philosophers has been largely denied, and the specificities of their theoretical contributions have been erased under the sexist, Eurocentric orientation of philosophy. Recognition of their existence is a political act that contests the dominant architecture of the history of philosophy.

Radical WomenPublic Engagement programs are supported, in part, by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors through the Los Angeles County Arts Commission. Government authorities highlight women’s inclusion and economic empowerment as drivers of sustainable development. Much of the discrimination experienced by women in the working environment is related to motherhood. In Latin America and the Caribbean, more than half of the economies in the region have no legislation that guarantees 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, which is regarded as the minimum time. A striking example in the Caribbean is seen in Antigua and Barbuda, where not only are there no mechanisms to prohibit discrimination in the workplace, but neither is any civil or criminal penalty stipulated in the event of sexual harassment. Brenda Lozano’s “Witches” uses surreal elements to explore violence against women in Mexico. True to form, Schweblin’s social commentary in “Fever Dream” straddles the space between the fantastic and the everyday, written entirely as a dialogue between a dying woman and a young boy who could be real or imagined.

With this award for general operating support, MLEA adapts its Latina Leadership program, which creates safe spaces for women, many of whom are immigrants and survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. The program addresses topics including self-perception and confidence-building, understanding systems of power and oppression, public speaking, and organizing for social change. For women artists in Latin America, the decades covered by the exhibition were features of Latinas a time of both repression and liberation. Most countries in the region were ruled by dictatorships or riven by civil war at some point during these years. The lives of many of the artists featured in Radical Women were thus enmeshed in experiences of authoritarianism, imprisonment, exile, torture, violence, and censorship. While few Latin American women artists identified as feminists, their works and their lives often manifested a vision of the female universe at odds with the region’s repressive regimes and deeply rooted patriarchal values. The Latina and Chicana artists working in the United States developed an aesthetic that addressed the marginalization of women and of their own communities in American society.

1896, John Brown, Twenty-five Years a Parson in the Wild West It would be years sometimes ere he saw the face of a female, and when he did, that face would not be overangelic. A ground-joint union is made in three separate pieces and is used for joining two pipes. It consists of two machined pieces with female pipe threads, which are screwed on the pipes to be united, and a threaded collar which holds the two pieces of the union together. More than that, we cannot find the same dynamics within female career trajectories as in the other two country groups, because the time-structure of female and male careers already shows great similarity within the older generation of elites. In addition, the pattern of the relation between female and male careers remains the same over time.

  • Ministry of Interior and Public Security, Ministry of Women and Gender Equity, and UN Women signed an agreement on gender equality and public security.
  • Much of the discrimination experienced by women in the working environment is related to motherhood.
  • As women, racial and ethnic minorities and members of a low socioeconomic status group, Latinas posses a triple minority status, all of which impact their educational opportunities.

Aiming to unsettle readers and offer social critique, writers like Samanta Schweblin and Mónica Ojeda are in a new vanguard. The research for this essay was supported by a Summer Stipend from the Research Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences at William Paterson University and the Woodrow Wilson Career Enhancement Fellowship (2017–2018). I would like to thank Andrea J. Pitts, Mariana Ortega, Adriana Novoa, and Jamilett Aguirre for their advice, encouragement, and support in the research process as well as the reviewers whose suggestions greatly helped the framing of the essay. Since COVID-19 lockdowns have subsided, femicide rates have also dropped in places like Brazil and Mexico. While some Hispanics say Latinx should be used as a pan-ethnic term, few say they prefer it over others. A majority (61%) say they prefer Hispanic to describe the Hispanic or Latino population in the U.S., and 29% say they prefer Latino.

However, timely administration of HPV vaccine and decentralizing treatment for cervical cancer are factors that still represent an important challenge to address in LAC. Mortality trends of cervical cancer among young women have large variability in LAC countries. Primary and secondary prevention in the community are necessary to accelerate a reduction of cervical cancer mortality by 2030. With this award, MLEA expands its Latina Leadership program, which creates safe spaces for young women, many of whom are immigrants and survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. In the United States, tracing the history of Latin American feminism and its ideas is an urgent task.

Avances en la igualdad de género en América Latina y el Caribe: 40 años de reivindicaciones

In addition, we projected cervical cancer mortality rates to 2030 and analyzed the changes according to the risk and demographic components. Cervical cancer continues to show a high burden among young women worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Limited data is available describing cervical cancer mortality among young women in Latin America and the Caribbean . The purpose of this study was to examine the mortality trends of cervical cancer among young women in LAC and predict mortality rates to 2030. As for the sensitivity analysis, we grouped deaths from cervical cancer and cancer of the corpus uteri and uterus unspecified . In the last 4 years, Paraguay and Venezuela had the highest mortality rates, whereas El Salvador and Puerto Rico had the lowest mortality rates. The trends were very similar to the mortality estimates using only cervical cancer deaths code C53.

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The variations of the mortality rates between countries during the last period of observation can be largely explained by the timing of implementation of nation-wide screening campaigns in different time periods and the variation of public health programs within each country, among others. Despite favorable downward trend, the mortality rate in some LAC countries remains high. HPV vaccination, screening, and early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to accelerate a rapid decline in cervical cancer mortality by 2030. To our knowledge, mortality rates and trends of cervical cancer in young women have not been evaluated in LAC. Therefore, we examined mortality trends of cervical cancer among young women (aged 20–44 years) from 16 LAC countries from 1997 to 2017.

The main strength of our study is the comprehensive description of recent trends and predicted mortality of cervical cancer in LAC countries. Our results provide timely information to policy makers regarding the current and future trends of cervical cancer, which could help in the development of public health interventions. Cervical cancer continues to be one of the main cancers, and affecting women under 45 years of age . Although previous studies have reported a remarkable decline of cervical cancer mortality among young women in several European countries , LMICs report an increase in cases and deaths in women under 45 years of age . This rapid rise of cases of cervical cancer among young women could be explained, in part, by changes in sexual behaviors (e.g. early sexual activity) and a subsequent increase in the risk of human papillomavirus infection . In fact, the incidence of HPV infection in Latin America is higher compared to the average worldwide, being attributable to more than 50,000 new cases of cervical cancer per year . Nowadays, many LMICs have not introduced the HPV vaccine into their national immunization schedules .

A 2005studylooking at almost 2,000 Latinas ranging in age from 11 to 20 years old concluded that eating disorders are prevalent in all subgroups, illustrating that these illnesses cut across race, ethnicity, class and age. Honduran women, for example, only make 44 cents, Guatemalan women make 47 cents, and Salvadoran women make 49 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men, the NWLC reports.

All of these women dared to be thinkers at times when being a Latin American woman in philosophy was unheard of, and they have come to form the foundation of a canon of thinkers that paved the way for new and emerging voices. Activism became institutionalized and the feminist movement grew in various directions. As the 90s came to a close, what started out as a spontaneous social movement with radical ideas about patriarchy, militarism, and democratization found its way into the halls of institutions and organizations that stifled feminist activism. The institutionalization of feminism was so profound that its political promise seemed lost. Institutionalization was not without critique, and the early 2000s marked the emergence of new voices that took liberal dominant feminisms to task by focusing on anti-neoliberal and decolonial critique which began to call out the hegemonic practices of Latin American feminisms. For example, in 2014, 33% of women aged 10–20 years in developed countries received the full course of the vaccine, compared with 2.7% of women in developing countries .